BAYERN. Regiments Ehrenkreuz mit Gefechtsspange des Königlich Bayerisches Schwere-Reiter-Regiment, „Prinz Karl von Bayern“ Nr. 1, um 1900.
Gilt cross pattée with oak leaves between the arms and with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a circular central medallion bearing the Bavarian crown, the upper, left, right and lower arms inscribed respectively ‘FÜR’ ‘KÖNIG’ ‘UND’ ‘VATER / LAND’ (For King and Fatherland), crossed swords at the base of the upper arm, a star above, anchors at the top to either side and at the upper and lower ends of the lateral arms; the reverse with a circular central medallion bearing the German Imperial crowned eagle, the upper, left, right and lower arms inscribed respectively ‘MIT / GOTT’ ‘FÜR’ ‘KAISER’ ‘U. / REICH’ (For Emperor and Empire), six-pointed stars at the inner ends of the upper and lower arms and at the upper and lower ends of the lateral arms; on original age-faded ribbon parade-mounted for wear and with bronze crowned ‘K.B.1. SCHW. RTR. RGT.’ clasp above a bronze cuirassier helmet imposed on crossed swords.
The Cross was awarded to Bavarian regiments in about 1900.
The Regiment was established on 16 July 1814 as a Garde du Corps to the King of Bavaria and given the title ‘Prince Charles of Bavaria’s’ on 26 April1848.
It fought in the Napoleonic Wars, with Austria against Prussia in 1866 and against France in 1870-71.
In World War I, the Regiment fought in Lorraine and made a cavalry charge at Gondrexon. It then moved to Neuf-Berquin, Lys, Ypres and into reserve at Metz. In April 1915 it moved to the Eastern Front and fought in Lithuania and Courland and later in Galicia and Romania. In March 1918, it moved on Kiev, Odessa and the Crimea. At the end of the war it was in eastern Ukraine from where it returned to Bavaria in January 1919, there to be demobilised and disbanded.
The Cross appears to be an Imperial Navy version and may have been replaced.