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Commemorative Medal for Operations in East Africa (Medaglia Commemorativa delle Operazioni in Africa Orientale) 1935-1936, miniature
[IT711]
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£18
Commemorative Medal for Operations in East Africa (Medaglia Commemorativa delle Operazioni in Africa Orientale) 1935-1936, miniature
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Small miniature circular dark bronze medal with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with the head of King Vittorio Emanuele III facing left, circumscribed ‘VITT • EM • III • RE • D’ITALIA • IMP • DI • ETIOPIA’ (Vittorio Emanuele III, King of Italy, Emperor of Ethiopia); the reverse with a mountainous East African landscape, a fasces in the left foreground and inscribed ‘AFRICA ORIENTALE’ above and ‘MOLTO NEMICI MOLTO ONORE’ (many enemies, much honour) below above the signature of Benito Mussolini; diameter 12.07mm (0.47 inch); on probably original ribbon. The medal was instituted on 27 April 1936 for those involved in the conquest and occupation of Ethiopia in the face of international condemnation. Ethiopia had maintained her independence for more than two thousand years when Italian forces invaded in 1935 and, armed with 20th Century weapons, bombed and gassed the Ethiopian people into temporary submission, annexing the country in 1936. In 1941 patriotic Ethiopian, British and Commonwealth troops liberated the country and Emperor Haile Selassie re-entered Addis Ababa in triumph on 5 May. Miniatures of this medal are not often found.

 
Commemorative Medal for Operations in East Africa (Medaglia Commemorativa delle Operazioni in Africa Orientale) 1935-1936, miniature
Click to enlarge
Commemorative Medal for Operations in East Africa (Medaglia Commemorativa delle Operazioni in Africa Orientale) 1935-1936, miniature
Click to enlarge
Commemorative Medal for Operations in East Africa (Medaglia Commemorativa delle Operazioni in Africa Orientale) 1935-1936, miniature
Click to enlarge
     

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