Great War and Coronation 1937 Miniature Trio.
British War Medal, 1914-1920. Miniature circular silver medal with claw and swivel ribbon bar suspension; the face with the head of King George V facing left, circumscribed ‘GEORGIVS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND : IMP:’ (George V King of Great Britain and Emperor of India); the reverse with St. George on horseback, reins in his left hand, a sword in his right, trampling a shield bearing an eagle with wings outstretched and a skull and crossbones, wavy lines denoting the sea beyond, a radiant rising sun upper right, dated ‘1914’ and ‘1918’ upper left and right respectively; diameter 18.35m (0.72 inch).
The Medal was instituted in 1919 and awarded to members of the British and Imperial forces who had served between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. Officers and men of the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, and Dominion and Colonial naval forces were required to have completed 28 days mobilised service, though this was waived if active service had been terminated by death.
The award criteria were subsequently extended to include post-war mine-clearing at sea and service in operations in Russia in 1919-20.
Inter-Allied Victory Medal, Great Britain and British Empire issue, 1914-1919. Miniature circular gilt-bronze medal on laterally pierced ball suspension; the face with a winged figure of Victory; the reverse inscribed ‘THE GREAT WAR FOR CIVILISATION 1914-1919’ within a circular laurel wreath; diameter 17.73mm (0.7 inch).
The idea of an inter-allied medal to commemorate victory in what was termed ‘The Great War for Civilisation’ is credited to the French Field-Marshal Foch. It was agreed that each of the Allies should issue a medal to their nationals featuring a figure representing ‘Victory’ on the front and have a symmetric double rainbow ribbon with red, the colour of courage and sacrifice at the centre, representing the colours of the allies flags and presenting an allegory of calm after storm.
The British medal was instituted on 1 September 1919 to be awarded to all those who served in a theatre of operations between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. It was awarded also to all British Empire military, except those of South Africa, whose government issued their own variant. Additionally, it was awarded to those British servicemen active in the Hejaz and Aden after the end of the European war, for post-war mine clearance operations and for the Royal Navy mission to Russia, hence the latter date of 1919.
Coronation Medal 1937. Miniature circular silver medal on ornate scroll and laterally-pierced ball suspension; the face with the head and shoulders portraits of King George VI and, beyond, Queen Elizabeth, both facing left, crowned and in coronation robes; the reverse with the crowned cipher of King and Emperor George VI centrally above the inscription ‘CROWNED / 12 MAY 1937’, circumscribed ‘GEORGE VI QUEEN ELIZABETH’; diameter 17.94mm (0.7 inch); age-toned.
The Medal was issued to mark the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on 12 May 1937 and was the personal gift of the sovereign to members and servants of the Royal Household and to members of the armed forces, governments and elected holders of office throughout the Empire and Dominions.
The medals are mounted for wear on original age-faded ribbons on a bar with maker’s mark ‘SPINK & SON LTD / 5.KING ST-S.W.1’.
A good period group.