Great War and Later Miniature Group of Six.
British War Medal 1914-1920. Miniature circular silver medal with claw and ribbon bar suspension; the face with the head of King George V facing left, circumscribed ‘GEORGIVS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND : IMP:’ (George V King of Great Britain and Emperor of India); the reverse with St. George on horseback, reins in his left hand, a sword in his right, trampling a shield bearing an eagle with wings outstretched and a skull and crossbones, wavy lines denoting the sea beyond, a radiant rising sun upper right, dated ‘1914’ and ‘1918’ upper left and right respectively; diameter 17.81mm (0.7 inch).
The Medal was instituted in 1919 and awarded to members of the British and Imperial forces who had served between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. Officers and men of the Royal Navy, the Royal Marines, and Dominion and Colonial naval forces were required to have completed 28 days mobilised service, though this was waived if active service had been terminated by death. The award criteria were subsequently extended to include post-war mine-clearing at sea and service in operations in Russia in 1919-20.
Inter-Allied Victory Medal, Great Britain and British Empire issue, 1914-1919 with Mentioned in Despatches oak leaf. Miniature circular gilt bronze medal on laterally pierced loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a winged figure of Victory; the reverse inscribed ‘THE GREAT WAR FOR CIVILISATION 1914-1919’ within a circular laurel wreath; diameter 18.01mm (0.71 inch); with bronze Mentioned in Despatches oak leaf on the ribbon.
The idea of an inter-allied medal to commemorate victory in what was termed ‘The Great War for Civilisation’ is credited to the French Field-Marshal Foch. It was agreed that each of the Allies should issue a medal to their nationals featuring a figure representing ‘Victory’ on the front and have a symmetric double rainbow ribbon with red, the colour of courage and sacrifice at the centre, representing the colours of the allies flags and presenting an allegory of calm after storm.
The British medal was instituted on 1 September 1919 to be awarded to all those who served in a theatre of operations between 5 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. It was awarded also to all British Empire military, except those of South Africa, whose government issued their own variant. Additionally, it was awarded to those British servicemen active in the Hejaz and Aden after the end of the European war, for post-war mine clearance operations and for the Royal Navy mission to Russia, hence the latter date of 1919.
Jubilee Medal 1935. Miniature circular silver medal with scroll and laterally-pierced ball suspension; the face with the half length crowned figures in relief of King George V and Queen Mary in state robes, facing left, circumscribed ‘GEORGE • V • AND • QUEEN • MARY • MAY •VI • MCMXXXV’; the reverse with the crowned cipher of King and Emperor George VI, the dates ‘MAY 1910’ and ‘MAY 1935’ to left and right respectively; diameter 18.02mm (0.71 inch).
The Medal was instituted to mark the Silver Jubilee of King George V. It was designed by Sir William Goscombe John, R.A. (1860-1952) and awarded to distinguished persons throughout the Empire.
Coronation Medal 1937. Miniature circular silver medal on ornate scroll and laterally-pierced ball suspension; the face with the head and shoulders portraits of King George VI and, beyond, Queen Elizabeth, both facing left, crowned and in coronation robes; the reverse with the crowned cipher of King and Emperor George VI centrally above the inscription ‘CROWNED / 12 MAY 1937’, circumscribed ‘GEORGE VI QUEEN ELIZABETH’; diameter 17.96mm (0.71 inch).
The Medal was issued to mark the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on 12 May 1937 and was the personal gift of the sovereign to members and servants of the Royal Household and to members of the armed forces, governments and elected holders of office throughout the Empire and Dominions.
Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, George V 1911-1920 issue. Miniature circular silver medal with swivel scroll suspension; the face with the head and shoulders of King George VI in field marshal’s uniform facing left, circumscribed ‘GEORGIUS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND: IMP:’ (George V King of Great Britain and Emperor of India); the reverse inscribed ‘FOR / LONG SERVICE / AND / GOOD CONDUCT’ above an arabesque; diameter 17.71mm (0.69 inch); on post-1917 ribbon.
The Medal was instituted in 1830 and has undergone various changes in design and award criteria since that date. At the time this example was awarded, the requirement was 18 years’ exemplary service.
Army Meritorious Service Medal, George V 1916-1926 issue. Miniature circular silver medal with swivel scroll suspension; the face with the head and shoulders of King George V in field marshal’s uniform facing left, circumscribed ‘GEORGIUS V BRITT: OMN: REX ET IND: IMP:’ (George V King of Great Britain and Emperor of India); the reverse inscribed ‘FOR MERITORIOUS SERVICE’ above an arabesque, within a laurel wreath, a Tudor crown above; diameter 17.78mm (0.7 inch); on post-August 1917 ribbon.
The Medal was instituted on 19 December 1845 to reward distinguished and meritorious service by non-commissioned officers of the rank of sergeant and above. From October 1916, immediate awards for valuable and meritorious were made and from January 1917 it was also awarded for acts of gallantry other than in the face of the enemy. The George V version had a swivel suspension until 1926. The number issued has always been limited.
The Group is bar-mounted on original ribbons with pin for wear.