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Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
[II186]
Quantity Available: 1
£235
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
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White enamel Maltese cross with a fan of three red enamel flames between each arm, on palm wreath suspension; the face with a circular central white enamel medallion bearing the gilt letter ‘h’ within a white enamel ring inscribed in gilt letters ‘CABALLEROS HOSPITALARIOS DE SAN J.B.’ (Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist); the reverse plain gilt; hairline cracks to the white enamel (see illustrations); on original ribbon with rosette denoting an award of the officer class. The Order was created in 1875 on the initiative of Don Eduardo Palou y Flores, a Spanish Senator and member of the Executive Council of the Spanish Red Cross; its first hospital was that of Our Lady of Atocha in Madrid. In 1876 King Alfonso XII approved of the statutes and rules of the Order. An insignia was created and, in response to representations from the Spanish government that it be distinguished from the Royal Order, the letter ‘h’ was imposed centrally. The Sovereign Military Order of Malta had been suppressed in Spain earlier in the 19th Century but after it was again recognised in 1885, the Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist slowly declined until by the mid-20th Century it consisted of a single chapter in Cádiz. The Order is rare.

 
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
Click to enlarge
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
Click to enlarge
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
Click to enlarge
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
Click to enlarge
Order of the Knights Hospitaller of St John the Baptist, officer (Orden Caballeros Hospitaliaros de San Juan Bautista, oficial)
Click to enlarge
 

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