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PRUSSIA. Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
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PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
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Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair consisting of: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880, court-mounted (PREUSSEN. 2er Auszeichnungsspange, Deutsch-Französische Krieg von 1870–1871 und später, bestehen aus: Kriegsdenkmünze 1870-1871 für Nichtkämpfer, stahl und Erinnerungsmedaille an die Feier der Vollendung des Domes zu Köln). ***Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel. Circular steel medal with ribbed loop for ribbon suspension; the face with an Iron Cross (cross pattée) with rays between the arms, inscribed ‘1870 1871’ within a wreath of oak; the reverse with the crowned monogram of King Wilhelm above the inscription ‘Für Pflichttreue in Kriege’ (for Loyalty in War), circumscribed ‘Gott war mit uns Ihm sei die Ehre’ (God was with us To Him the Glory). The medal was instituted on 20 May 1871 for those active in the War with France. It was in bronze for combatants and steel for non-combatants. By Imperial decree of 22 May 1871, the award of the steel version was extended to military doctors, officers and soldiers who had remained within German borders, this award being distinguished from that for non-combatants by its ribbon. The conflict between France and Prussia that signalled the rise of German military power and imperialism was provoked by the Prussian (later German) Chancellor Otto von Bismarck as part of his plan to create a unified German Empire. The French armies were overcome at Sedan by the efficient Prussian forces, battle-hardened from their conflicts with Denmark and Austria. In Paris, a bloodless revolution led to the overthrow of Napoleon III. The city was besieged by the Prussians from 19 September and held out, suffering severe privation, until 28 January. France was forced to cede Alsace and Lorraine to the Germany which had been proclaimed an empire under Wilhelm I on 18 January 1871 in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles, sowing the seeds of future 20th Century conflicts. *** Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880. Circular bronze gilt medal with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a view of Cologne Cathedral from the southwest, circumscribed above ‘ZUR ERINNERUNG AN DIE FEIER DER VOLLENDUNG / D. DOMES ZU CÖLN’ (In Commemoration of the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral) and dated ‘15. OKTBR 1880.’; the reverse with the heads of Friedrich Wilhelm II signed ‘C.R.’ on the base of the neck and Wilhelm I facing right, circumscribed above ‘GRUNDSTEINLEGUNG D. THURME 1842 VOLLENDUM 1880’ (Foundation Stone Laid 1842 Completion 1880), maker’s mark ‘GEBR. STOLLWERCK CÖLN’; (See Hanno Weiler, Kölner Dom-Medaillen, Kaltenmeier Söhne, Krefeld, 1977-1978, #182). The construction of Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 but was halted in 1473 with work incomplete. In 1842, the Zentral-Dombau-Verein zu Köln was set up to finish the construction. Work was completed on 15 October 1880 and the following day a ceremony attended by King Wilhelm I was held to mark the occasion. ***On original court mounting in exceptionally good condition, the Cologne medal on Vatican colours, with pin to the reverse for wear. The recipient would have been a senior figure, possibly a chaplain.

 
PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
Click to enlarge
PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
Click to enlarge
PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
Click to enlarge
PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
Click to enlarge
PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
Click to enlarge
PRUSSIA.  Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 and Later Pair: Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 for non-combatants, steel and Commemorative Medal for the Ceremony for the Completion of Cologne Cathedral, 1880 (Weiler #182), court-mounted
Click to enlarge

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