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Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
[ES239]
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£65
Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
Click to enlarge

Gilt-edged white enamel cross pattée on swivel royal crown suspension; the face with an imposed circular central light blue enamel medallion bearing the gilt metal equestrian figure of Saint Hermenegild within a deep blue enamel ring inscribed in gilt letters ‘PREMIO A LA CONSTANCIA MILITAR’ (Award for Military Constancy); the reverse with an imposed circular central gilt medallion bearing the cipher of King Ferdinand VII within a deep blue enamel ring; a small 'pinhole' in the white enamel of the upper edge of the right-hand arm from the time of manufacture; on original ribbon with pasador top bar mounted for wear. The Order was created for King Fernando VII in 1814 to reward constancy and irreproachable conduct in military service and is today awarded to members of the Spanish Armed Forces and Civil Guard. Saint Hermenegild was a member of the ruling Visigoth Iberian dynasty, son of King Liuvigild (reigned 569 to 586) and brother of King Reccared (reigned 586 to 601). He married Ingund, the catholic daughter of the Frankish King Sigibert and converted to Catholicism, leading to conflict with his father. He was imprisoned, refused to recant and was killed on his father’s orders on 13 April 585. In January 587 Reccarded, now king, converted to Catholicism, a crucial event in Spanish history and credited to Hermenegild’s intercession. In 1951 the royal crown suspension replaced the imperial crown suspension, itself introduced in 1938.

 
Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
Click to enlarge
Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
Click to enlarge
Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
Click to enlarge
Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
Click to enlarge
Royal and Military Order of Saint Hermenegild, Gold Cross (Real y Militar Orden de San Hermenegildo, Cruz de Oro, issue since 1951
Click to enlarge
 

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