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Cross of the Defender (Cruz del Defensor), 1933
[PY101]
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Cross of the Defender (Cruz del Defensor), 1933
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Bronze Greek cross imposed on a cross pattée with laurel wreath between the arms, with loop for ribbon suspension; the face inscribed ‘CRUZ DEL DEFENSOR’, the upper arm bearing the five pointed star and wreath of Paraguay; the reverse plain; some age spots; ribbon replaced but correct. The Cross was created in October 1933 and awarded to members of the Paraguayan armed forces for bravery and outstanding service in the Chaco War of 1932-1935 against Bolivia. The Chaco War of 1932 to 1935 was a bloody and costly conflict between Bolivia and Paraguay for access to the Río de la Plata and thus the Atlantic coast and the assumed but non-existent oil reserves of the Gran Chaco. Whilst Bolivia had three times the population of Paraguay, the morale of its army was low and the terrain better suited the Paraguayans. After many months of heavy fighting and the loss of 100,000 men in total, a peace treaty was signed in Buenos Aires on 21 July 1938. Paraguay was confirmed in most of the disputed area but Bolivia was given a corridor to the Paraguay River and a port at Puerto Casado.

 
Cross of the Defender (Cruz del Defensor), 1933
Click to enlarge
Cross of the Defender (Cruz del Defensor), 1933
Click to enlarge
Cross of the Defender (Cruz del Defensor), 1933
Click to enlarge
     
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