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Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun, military division (Nishan-i-Shir u Khurshid, nishan-i-shuja’at), silver-gilt medal dated 1317AH (1899AD)
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Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun, military division (Nishan-i-Shir u Khurshid, nishan-i-shuja’at), silver-gilt medal dated 1317AH (1899AD)
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Circular silver-gilt medal with ornate loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a lion passant guardant, facing left and carrying an unsheathed sabre in its right front paw, imposed on a radiant rising sun with a human face, within a wreath of laurel and oak; the reverse with Iranian inscription and circumscription and dated ‘۱۳۱۷’ (1317AH = 1899AD); on possibly original ribbon. The Order was founded in 1808 by Fath ‘Ali Shah of the Qajar Dynasty as the Royal Order of the Sun. In 1820 it was reorganised and renamed and medals were added in the late 19th Century. In 1925, the Qajar Dynasty was replaced by the Pahlavis but the Order continued as the Order of Homayoun with redesigned insignia. The Lion and Sun motif comes from antiquity and was used for centuries by Mogul and Qajar rulers, including Shah Jahan, builder of the Taj Mahal, being formally adopted by Persia (Iran) under Mohammad Shah (reigned 1834 to 1848). This example is of Military Division (nishan-i-shuja’at) since the lion is standing and holds a sabre (for civil awards, the lion is recumbent and without sword). A good example of a rare military medal of the Order from the late Qajar

 
Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun, military division (Nishan-i-Shir u Khurshid, nishan-i-shuja’at), silver-gilt medal dated 1317AH (1899AD)
Click to enlarge
Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun, military division (Nishan-i-Shir u Khurshid, nishan-i-shuja’at), silver-gilt medal dated 1317AH (1899AD)
Click to enlarge
Imperial Order of the Lion and the Sun, military division (Nishan-i-Shir u Khurshid, nishan-i-shuja’at), silver-gilt medal dated 1317AH (1899AD)
Click to enlarge
     
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