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Medal of Independence of the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Istiklal Madalyası)
[TR114]
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Medal of Independence of the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Istiklal Madalyası)
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Oval gilt bronze medal with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a panorama of Ankara, a radiant rising sun beyond, a globe surrounded by working implements and an ox cart and drover in the foreground, dated ‘١٣٣٦’ (AH1336 = AD1918); the reverse with a relief map of Turkey, a five-pointed radiant star at Ankara with lines radiating to the major Turkish cities, a plaque below dated ‘١٣٣٨’ (AH1338 = AD1920), all within a crescent with a five-pointed star above, a decorative scroll below; on trifold red ribbon for military recipients. The new Turkish Assembly at Ankara approved the medal on 29 November 1920 and Law 66 was published on 4 April 1921, instituting the medal and suppressing all Ottoman decorations. The defeat of the Central Powers in World War I, of which the Ottoman Empire was one, hastened its final disintegration. A nationalist uprising led by Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Ataturk) fought against the terms of the Treaty of Sèvres which included the Greek occupation of Izmir, resulting in the Turkish War of Independence (Kurtuluş Savaşı). On 23 April 1920 the new National Assembly met at Ankara for the first time and, following victory in two years of war with Greek and Allied forces and the remnants of Ottoman power, the Assembly abolished the Sultanate on 11 November 1922 and declared the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), subsequently recognised by the Treaty of Lausanne, 24 July 1923. An historic medal.

 
Medal of Independence of the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Istiklal Madalyası)
Click to enlarge
Medal of Independence of the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Istiklal Madalyası)
Click to enlarge
Medal of Independence of the Turkish Republic (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Istiklal Madalyası)
Click to enlarge
     
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