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China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
[JP509]
Quantity Available: 1
£135
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge

Group of three medals:

China Incident War Medal, 1937-1945.  Circular bronze medal on ornate swivel suspension with club moss decoration and ribbon bar inscribed ‘ju-gun-ki-sho’ (Military Service Medal); the face with a radiant chrysanthemum above a yata-no-karasu (mythical giant red crow) on crossed army and navy flags; the reverse with mountains, clouds and waves drawn in classical Chinese symbolic style and inscribed with characters ‘Shi-na ji-hen’ (China Incident).

The Medal was instituted on 27 July 1939, amended in 1944 and abolished in 1946.  The mountains, clouds and waves are representative of northern China, central China and the Yellow Sea as the Medal was awarded to Japanese military leaving for China which had been invaded and partly occupied by Japanese forces.

As war was never declared, the Japanese referred to the large-scale hostilities as an ‘incident’.

Imperial Red Cross Society Membership Medal.  Circular silver medal with grip and laterally pierced cylinder suspension; the face with the emblem of the Society of a phoenix (ho-o) above a Geneva (Greek) cross with pauwlonia and bamboo wreath; the reverse with two rows of characters ‘Meiji 21st year’ (1888) ‘Japanese Red Cross Society’.

The Japanese Red Cross Society grew from the Benevolence Society founded in 1877 to give aid to those wounded in the Satsuma Rebellion which spelled the end of Samurai power. The Society acceded to the Geneva Convention in 1886 and adopted its current name in 1887. The medals were official awards that could be worn with uniform and were often worn with other military and civil decorations.

Examples in silver pre-date late World War II when material shortages caused a change to light zinc alloy or aluminium.

First National Census Commemorative Medal, 1920.  Circular bronze medal with leaf-shaped claw and laterally-pierced cylinder suspension; the face with the figure of an official of the Taika (Great Reform) era (AD 646) with a brush in his right hand, a rolled scroll in his left, standing before a table, all within a scalloped border representing the outline of a chrysanthemum crest; the reverse inscribed with characters meaning ‘Taish? 9th Year / National Census / Commemorative Medal / 10th Month, 1st Day’.

The Medal was instituted by Imperial Edict on 17 June 1921 to acknowledge those who participated and assisted in the first national Japanese census that began on 1 October 1920. The significance of the Taika era figure is that in AD646 a number of reforms were instituted in Japan, including population registers.

The Group is on original ribbons and bar mounted for wear in the Japanese style.

 

 

 

 
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge
China Incident Group of Three mounted for wear
Click to enlarge

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