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Commemorative Cross for the Serbo-Turkish War of 1913, rare version for next-of-kin
[YU429]
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£185
Commemorative Cross for the Serbo-Turkish War of 1913, rare version for next-of-kin
Click to enlarge

Blackened bronze cross pattée, the arms with gilt edge lines, with laterally pierced cylinder for ribbon suspension; the face with a circular central medallion bearing the gilt date ‘1913’; the reverse plain; on replaced correct trifold ribbon.

The Cross for combatants was instituted on 25 November (7 December) 1913 to be awarded to military and civilians for meritorious service during the First and Second Balkan Wars of 1912-1913.  There is no published information to be found on the subject of this version for next-of-kin of casualties of the war and it may have been produced privately.

An alliance of Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro and Serbia threw the Ottoman Turks out of almost all their remaining European territories in 1912 and the First Balkan War ended with the Treaty of London on 30 May 1913. However, the victors fell out over the division of the spoils, with Serbia and Greece forming an alliance against Bulgaria and the Second Balkan War broke out at the end of June.  After initial setbacks, Bulgarian military successes stabilised the front in Macedonia.  The situation was transformed by the invasion of Bulgaria by Romania on 10 July, leaving the former in a hopeless position.  An armistice was agreed on 31 July with Bulgaria losing most of her gains from the First War and Serbia becoming the dominant Balkan power.

 
Commemorative Cross for the Serbo-Turkish War of 1913, rare version for next-of-kin
Click to enlarge
Commemorative Cross for the Serbo-Turkish War of 1913, rare version for next-of-kin
Click to enlarge
Commemorative Cross for the Serbo-Turkish War of 1913, rare version for next-of-kin
Click to enlarge
     

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