Miniature bronze Greek cross with eyelet and loop for ribbon suspension; the face with stylised spruce branches between the arms and with a cross pattée imposed with a bear standing upright and holding a sword; the reverse with four swords between the arms of the cross emanating from a central rose of Finland, the extremities of the upper and lower arms of the cross each decorated with three roses of Finland, the lateral arms inscribed with the dates ‘1918-1922’; diameter 16.22mm (0.64 inch); on original ribbon with glue residue to the reverse.
The Cross was created in 1922 to reward White Finnish volunteer participants in the campaigns in Estonia, Eastern Karelia, Aunus and Ingria (‘Kindred Nations’) against Soviet Russia in the years from 1918 to 1922.
The intervention of Finnish volunteers against Red forces in Estonia was crucial in her gaining independence. However, despite the upheavals of the Russian revolutions and civil war, there was never any real chance of the other areas to the east or south of Finland becoming independent of Russia.
The number of volunteers involved in the nine campaigns was small and the cross is rare, especially in miniature.