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WEIMAR REPUBLIC. Medal of the Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland (Medaille des Soldaten-Siedlungs-Verband Kurland), 1919-1923
[DE1393]
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£325
WEIMAR REPUBLIC.  Medal of the Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland (Medaille des Soldaten-Siedlungs-Verband Kurland), 1919-1923
Click to enlarge

Circular bronze medal with integral eyelet for ribbon suspension; the face with a knight on horseback riding eastwards, a lance in his right hand, a shield in his left, the letter ‘D’ under the front right hoof of the horse, circumscribed ‘NAER OOSTLAND WILLEN WY RYDEN’ (Flemish: We wish to ride to the East) and dated ‘MCLXXXIV – MCMXIX’ (1184-1919) above, a Teutonic cross to either side; the reverse with the arms of the von Manteuffel family centrally imposed on a cross recerclee, the letters ‘SSVK’ upper left, upper right , lower left and lower right respectively (for Soldaten-Siedlungs-Verband Kurland = Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland), maker’s mark of Oertel, Berlin lower left; on original ribbon.

The Medal was instituted by the Soldaten-Siedlungs Verband Kurland (Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland) on the initiative of Karl, Freiherr von Manteuffel, chairman of the Association, and awarded from 1919 to 1923 to those who had fought voluntarily in the Baltic provinces of the former Russian Empire, Kurland (Courland) being a province in western Latvia.

‘Naer Oostland willen wy ryden’ is the first line of a mediaeval song of Flemish settlers in Germany.  The date 1184 refers to the arrival of the Augustinian monk Meinhard of Segeberg to preach the Gospel in Livonian lands.

The Medal was designed by Karl, Freiherr von Manteuffel, engraved by the great Art Nouveau artist Emil Doepler (1855-1922) who also designed the coat of arms of the Weimar Republic and produced by Oertel of Berlin.

The Medal is extremely rare.

 
WEIMAR REPUBLIC.  Medal of the Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland (Medaille des Soldaten-Siedlungs-Verband Kurland), 1919-1923
Click to enlarge
WEIMAR REPUBLIC.  Medal of the Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland (Medaille des Soldaten-Siedlungs-Verband Kurland), 1919-1923
Click to enlarge
WEIMAR REPUBLIC.  Medal of the Soldiers Settlement Association of Courland (Medaille des Soldaten-Siedlungs-Verband Kurland), 1919-1923
Click to enlarge
     

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